Reviewed by: Donna Shanor, LCSW, LCDC
Written by: Lauryn Feil
It’s dark, and it’s cold. Even for Texas. With the 5 p.m. sunsets, erratic temperatures, and cloudy days, winter (even though it’s milder in the south) can feel long and gloomy. And if you’re feeling like the only place you want to be is cuddled up in bed until the sun shines again, know that you’re not alone. In addition to the temperature, your mood may also be taking a dip due to a reduction in mood-boosting sunlight, which can really throw your internal circadian rhythms off.
So what can you do to get through the winter months if you find the cold, dark days getting you down? UT Health Austin social workers shared way to recognize winter blues symptoms and recommendations for effective treatment options to keep you feeling merry and bright this season.
First, recognize if something larger is at play.
Between 10-20% of Americans suffer from the winter blues, while about 6% suffer from a more debilitating condition known as seasonal affective disorder, or SAD. What’s the difference? Feeling lethargic and down during the winter months is fairly common, but these feelings shouldn’t hinder your overall ability to enjoy life and do the things that are important to you. If you find that your winter blues start affecting all aspects of your life – from work to your relationships – you may be facing SAD.
Symptoms of the winter blues:
- General sadness and lack of energy
- Difficulty sleeping
- Feeling less social than usual
- Difficulty taking initiative
Symptoms of SAD:
- Feeling down or depressed most the day, nearly every day
- Loss of interest in activities you typically enjoy
- Feeling constantly fatigued or lethargic
- Withdrawal or isolation from friends and family
- Struggling to focus and perform at work or at home
- Feeling hopeless about the future
- Having suicidal thoughts
If you are experiencing depressive symptoms that are affecting your ability to enjoy life, it’s important not to ignore these symptoms. Talk to your primary care clinician or a mental health professional to discuss your options. If you are unable to readjust your mood with the tips listed below, you may need to seek additional treatment.
Natural sunlight is a great source of vitamin D and also helps regulate the release of melatonin. Even if it’s cold, try to take advantage of the few sunny days that come around in the winter by taking a stroll outside during lunch or spending time outside on weekends. Exposure to natural light is one of the most effective winter blues treatments. During gloomier days, you can also replicate natural light with light boxes, which use white fluorescent bulbs to mimic sunlight.
Research consistently shows a strong exercise-mental health connection, particularly for those with depression or anxiety. Exercise can increase serotonin and endorphins, which both affect your mood. Moderate exercise of at least 30 minutes a day can provide the biggest mood boost. Bundle up for a walk, head to the gym, or visit your favorite studio to burn off mild-to-moderate depressive feelings.
Eat a well-balanced diet
Ditch the leftover holiday cookies and opt for healthier options that provide energy and can boost your mood. Complex carbohydrates, such as whole grains, as well as fruits and veggies like apples, bananas, broccoli, kale, and carrots can boost energy and mood and are great for your overall health. If you’re going to indulge in something sweet, go for the dark chocolate as it can raise your serotonin levels to help you feel happier.
Normalize circadian rhythms
In additional to light therapy, going to sleep, waking up, and even eating meals at about the same time every day can help regulate the body’s internal circadian rhythms. By staying on a regular schedule, your body can better regulate your hormones and mood.
It may seem overwhelming but staying connected with the people you love and care about does wonders for your mood. Even after the holidays try to make (and keep) plans with people to avoid isolation which can enhance winter blues symptoms. Taking time to get out and engage in activities you enjoy on your own can increase your overall feelings of happiness and positivity.
It’s really no mystery why so many people are moving down south as six months of winter blues can really take a toll on a person’s mental health and happiness. Winter blues or SAD can affect anyone, and if you are trying to help yourself feel better but it isn’t working, you might want to see your doctor for other treatment recommendations.
To schedule an appointment with UT Health Austin’s primary care clinic or the acute care walk-in clinic, visit here or call 1-833-882-2737.