Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis is, also known as “wear and tear” arthritis. It occurs when the cartilage that cushions and protects the ends of your bones within a joint gradually wears away. Osteoarthritis can result from overuse, trauma, or the natural degeneration of cartilage that occurs with aging. It typically occurs more often is often more painful in joints that bear weight, such as the knee, hip, and spine. However, joints that are used extensively in work or sports, or joints that have been damaged by injury or trauma may also show signs of osteoarthritis. With most types of arthritis, the joint becomes inflamed, causing swelling, pain and stiffness. Inflammation in the joint may be severe and cause long-lasting or permanent disability. There is no cure for arthritis, but there are a variety of treatments to help relieve the pain and disability that it can cause.
Arthritis Treatment at UT Health Austin
Arthritis treatment here at UT Health Austin typically starts with lifestyle modifications, such as weight loss and exercise, which can be helpful in preserving your joints and delaying the progression of arthritis. Other treatments, such as over the counter NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs), physical therapy, braces, and walking aids can be helpful in reducing your pain and maintaining your activity level. If that doesn’t help, you and your care team can discuss options like topical NSAIDs or injections. Depending on the progression of your condition and your goals, joint replacement surgery may also be an option to address your arthritis. Throughout the course of your treatment, your care team will work with you to understand the risk and benefits and what you can expect throughout your care.
Care Team Approach
We have assembled a team of experts that includes hip and knee orthopedic surgeons, physiatrists, physical therapists, chiropractors, nurse practitioners, dietitians, and social workers. This team enables us to provide the right care for the right patient at the right time.For some patients, nonsurgical interventions such as lifestyle modifications, physical therapy, medication and injections can help improve pain and function, while surgery may be the best course of action for others. Whatever your needs, our team is here to listen and work with you to develop a treatment plan that is right for you.
Lifestyle Modifications (weight loss, exercise), Physical Therapy, Walking Aids, Braces
Topical or prescribed NSAIDs (Ibuprofen) or Injections